JOHN LOTHROP

ORIGIN: London
MIGRATION: 1634 on the Griffin (on 18 Sep 1634 John Winthrop reported “the Griffin and another ship now arriving with 200 passengers and 100 cattle (Mr. Lothrop and Mr Simmes, two godley ministers, coming on the same ship).”
FIRST RESIDENCE: Scituate
REMOVES: Barnstable 1639
OCCUPATION: Minister.
CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: On 8 Jan 1634/5, John Lothrop was the eleventh among thirteen founding members admitted to Scituate church (entered in the record as “Myself”). When the Scituate church moved ot Barnstable in late 1639, John Lothrop remained as member and pastor, until his death in 1653.
FREEMAN: Admitted to Plymouth Colony freemanship (as “Mr John Lathrop, pastor of Scituate”), 7 Jun 1637, and added to colony list of March 1636/7. In the Scituate and Barnstable sections of the 1639 Plymouth Colony list of freeman.
EDUCATION: Matriculated at Oxford from Christ Church, 15 Oct 1602; removed to Queens College, Cambridge; B.A. 1607, M.A. 1609. His inventory included “His books’ valued at five pounds.
OFFICES: In the Barnstable section of the 1643 Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms (as Mr. John Lathrope”). His inventory included “one musket” valued at 10s.
ESTATE: On 20 feb 1634[/5?], the town of Scituate granted to “Mr. John Lothrope twenty acres of upland.” On 7 Feb 1636[/7?], the town of Scituate granted to “Mr. John Lothrope the portion of marsh lying at the east end of the foresaid twenty acres…, as also a portion of marsh joining at the west side to the lot of marsh of Samuell Howse.”

On 1 Jan 1637/8, “Mr. John Lathrop” was one of fifteen “freemen of Scituate” granted “all that upland & neck of land lying between North & South Rivers.”

On 1 Nov 1640, “John Lothrope, pastor of the church in Barnstable,” solde to “TYmothy Hatherley of Scituate, gent., one dwelling house together with barn and outhouses thereto belonging together with all such lands both uplands & marsh grounds as thereto belong…, the marsh ground containing 20 acres.” On 28 Dec 1640, “John Lathrope of Barnstable …, minister, sodl to “Richard Scillis of Scituate …, planter, one dwelling house together with one outhouse thereto belonging with five acres of land.”

In his will, daed 10 Aug 1653 and proved 7 Mar 1653/4, “Mr. John Lothropp, pastor of the Church of Christ as Barnstable,” bequeathed to “my wife the house whein I now dwell with the furniture thereof and the ground belonging thereunto with the marsh land that lyeth on the east beside Rendezvous Creek, and also my ground in the common field”; to “my son Thomas my eldest son … the house I first lived in in Barnstable with the ground belonging thereunto and the marsh joining to the lower end thereof … with this condition that he my said son Thomas is to give to my son John in England and to my son Benjamin here in the bay each of them a good cow of five pounds”; to “the rest of my children both mine and my wife’s … every of them shall have a cow”; “my great lot and my great marsh shall be sold to some particular person and that which comes of the sale thereof to be equally divided amongst them that have the least portions”; “for my books, if there be amongst them any that may be useful to my children, let their choice thereof be in order according to their ages; the rest of the books let them be sold to any honest man who can tell how to make use of them, and that which comes thereby let it be divided as is aforsaid.”

The inventory of the estate of “Mr. John Lothropp, pastor of teh Church of Christ at Barnstable, late deceased,” taken 8 Dec 1653, totalled 72 pounds 16s 6d., with no real estate included.

On 7 Mar 1653/4, “Mrs. Laythorp is granted letters of administration to administer on the estate of Mr. John Laythorp, deceased. Mr. Thomas Prence is appointed and requested by the court to take oath unto the estate at home.”

BIRTH: Baptized Etton, Yorkshire, 20 Dec 1584, son of Thomas Lothrop.
DEATH: 8 Nov 1653.
Marriage (1) Eastwell, Kent, 16 Oct 1610 Hannah House, daughter of Rev. John House. She died in London about 1633, while her husband was in prison.
(2) By 1635 Ann _____ (on 14 Jun 1635, John Lothrop wrote that “my wife and brother Foxwell’s wife joined [Scituate church] having their dismission from elsewhere.” (She was not a daughter of WILLIAM HAMMOND.)
CHILDREN:
With first wife
i THOMAS LOTHROP, bp Egerton, Kent, 21 Feb 1612/3; m. “in the Bay” 11 Dec 1639 Sarah (Learned) Ewer, daughter of WILLIAM LEARNED and widow of THOMAS EWER.
ii JANE LOTHROP, bp. Egerton, Kent 29 Sep 1614; m. Barnstable 8 Apr 1635 Samuel Fuller, son of EDWARD FULLER.
iii ANNE LOTHROP, bp. Egerton, Kent, 12 May 1616; buried there 30 Apr 1617.
iv JOHN LOTHROP, bp. Egerton, Kent, 22 Feb 1617/8; named in father’s will as living in England, 10 Aug 1653; no further record.
v BARBARA LOTHROP, bp. Egerton, Kent, 31 Oct 1619; m. Duxbury 19 Jul 1638 JOHN EMERSON (“My son Emmersonn and my daughter Barbarah married at Duxberry by Captain Standige”).
vi SAMUEL LOTHROP, b. say 1621; m. (1) Barnstable 28 Nov 1644 Elizabeth Scudder; m. (2) in early 1690s Abigail Doane, daughter of JOHN DOANE.
vii JOSEPH LOTHROP, bp. Eastwell, Kent, 11 Apr 1624; m. Barnstable 11 Dec 1650 Mary Ansell.
viii BENJAMIN LOTHROP, bp. Eastwell, Kent, 24 Sep 1626; m. by 1660 Martha _____ (on 29 Jul 1660, “Goodwife Martha Lathrop” was admitted to Charlestown church.

With second wife
ix BARNABAS LOTHROP, bp Scituate 6 Jun 1636; m. (1) Plymouth 3 Nov 1658 Susanna Clark, daughter of THOMAS CLARK; m. (2) Boston 15 Nov 1698 Abigail (Button) Dudson, daughter of Robert Button and widow of Joseph Dudson.
x Daughter LOTHROP, Buried Scituate 30 Jul 1638
xi ABIGAIL LOTHROP, bp. Barnstable 2 Nov 1639; m. Plymouth 7 Oct 1657 James Clark, son of THOMAS CLARK.
xii BATHSHUA LOTHROP, bp. Barnstable 27 Feb 1641/2; m. (1) by about 1669 Benajmin Bale; m. (2) between 1683 and 1691 Alexander Marsh.
xiii ELIZABETH LOTHROP, b. say 1643; m. by 1655 John Williams.
xiv JOHN LOTHROP, bp. Barnstable 18 May 1645; m. (1) Plymouth “about the middle of december” 1695 Hannah (Morton) Fuller, daughter of John Morton and widow of John Fuller.
xv Son LOTHROP, buried Barnstable 25 Jan 1649/50 (“a man child of John Lothrop dying immediately after it was born”).
ASSOCIATIONS: Hannah (House) Lothrop, first wife of Rev. John Lothrop, was sister of SAMUEL HOUSE and of Pennina (House) Linnell, wife of ROBERT LINNELL.

COMMENTS: The Baptismal records from Etton, Yorkshire, and Egerton, Kent, were supplied by Horatio Gates Somerby and should be checked independently.

John Lothrop was made curate at Little Chart, Kent, on 10 Jan 1609/10 and then served as curate at Egerton, Kent, from about 1614 to 1624. He then moved to London to joine the independent, but not yet separatist, conventicle that had been organized by Rev. Henry Jacob.

Lothrop joined Jacob’s congregation about 1624, and was chosen pastor there in 1625. On 29 Apr 1632, a meeting of this congregation was raided by ecclesiastical agents, and about 40 members, including Lothrop, were imprisoned. Most of the members were soon released from prison, but not Lothrop. He was interrogated before he Court of High Commission. In June of 1634, after the death of his wife, he was finally released from jail and departed soon after for New England.

On 5 Oct 1634, John Winthrop reported that “Mr. Lathrop, who had been a pastor of a private congregation in London, and for teh same kept long time in prison (upon refusal of the oath ex-officio), being at Boston upon a sacrament day, after the sermon, etc., desired leave of the congregation to be present at the administration, etc., but said that he durst not desire to partake in it, because he was not then in order (being dismissed from his former congregation), and he thought it not fit to be suddenly admitted into any other, for example sake, and because of teh deceitfulness of man’s heart. He went to Scituate, being desired to be their pastor.”

From just after his arrival at Scituate in 1634 until just before his death late in 1653, Rev. John Lothrop maintained a record of events related to the church that he led at Scituate and Barnstable. In the late 18th century, the antiquarian Dr. Ezra Stiles made a transcript of the set of records, and teh whereabouts of the original manuscript are now unknown. The Stiles transcript was published a century and a half ago.

The Lothrop record contains admissions, baptisms, burials, disciplinary matters and other church business. Lothrop also recorded marriages (although, in accordance with the New England practise of the time, he did not perform them) and the building of housese during the first few years at Scituate. Although we may bemoan the apparent loss of teh original of this record, and the potential for corruption consequent upon at least two layers of transcription, what has survived shows a high level of accuracy where it may be compared with other records.

BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: In 1838 Rev. Abiel Holmes composed a brief biography of Rev. John Lthrop, relying heavily on Morton and other early authors; to this account he appended transcriptions of two letters written by Lothrop in 1639 pertaining to the removal of his congregation from Scituate to Barnstable.

In 1884 Rev. E. B. Huntington published a genealogy of the descendents of Rev. John Lothrop [A Genealogical Memoir of the Lothrop Family in This Country, Embracing the Descendents, As Far As Known, of the Rev. John Lothropp, of Scituate and Barnstable, Mass., and Mark Lothrop, of Salem and Bridgewater, Mass. And the First Generation of Descendents of Other Names (Ridgefield, Connecticut, 1884)], cited above as Lothrop Fam.

In 1948 Donale Lines Jacobus compiled an account of the immigrant, three generations of agnate ancestry and a line of descent through his son Samuel.

Ine 1930 G Andrews Moriarty published additional material on the English ancestry of Rev. John Lothrop.

In 1984 Richard Woodruff Price prepared a biography and genealogy of Rev. John Lothrop. In 1995 Clifford L. Stott published entries pertaining to this immigrant from the parish register of Eastwell, Kent.

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